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Ancient Olympics – History of Olympic Games
History of Olympic games
Olympic Games, the Olympic Games – the largest international multi-sport event of our time, which are held every four years. The tradition that existed in ancient Greece, at the end of the XIX century was revived by a French philanthropist Pierre de Coubertin. Olympic Games, also known as the Summer Olympic Games, held every four years, starting from 1896, with the exception of age, who came to the world wars. In 1924, it was established by the Winter Olympics, which were originally held in the same year as the summer. However, since 1994 the time of the Winter Olympics is shifted by two years with respect to the time of the Summer Games.
Ancient Olympics Games
Olympic Games of ancient Greece represented the religious and sports festival, held in Olympia. Information about the origin of the game is lost, but preserved several legends that describe this event. The first documented vindicated celebration refers to 776 BC. e., although it is known that the games were held in the past. At the time of the game was declared a sacred truce, at that time it was impossible to wage war, even though it has been repeatedly violated.
Olympics essentially lost its importance with the arrival of the Romans. After Christianity became the official religion,
the game came to be regarded as a manifestation of paganism and in 394 BC. e. they were banned by Emperor Theodosius.
The revival of the Olympic idea
The Olympic idea and after the ban of the ancient races has not disappeared for good. For example, in England, during the XVII century, we have repeatedly held “Olympic” competitions and contests. Later, similar events were organised in France and Greece. Nevertheless, it was a small event, worn, at best regional. The first real precursors of the modern Olympic Games are “Olympia”, which were held on a regular basis during the 1859-1888 period. The idea of reviving the Olympic Games in Greece belonged to the poet Panagiotis Sutsosu , embodied in her life public figure Evangelis Zappas .
In 1766, as a result of archaeological excavations in Olympia, sports facilities and the temple were found. In 1875, archaeological research and excavations continued under German leadership. While in Europe it was in vogue romantic-idealistic conception of antiquity. Desire to revive the Olympic thinking and culture has spread quite rapidly throughout Europe. French Baron Pierre de Coubertin (fr. Pierre de Coubertin) then said: “Germany has unearthed what remained of ancient Olympia. Why France can not restore the old greatness? “.
According to Coubertin, it is a weak physical condition of the French soldiers was one of the causes of the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871. It seeks to change the situation by improving the physical culture of the French. At the same time, he wanted to overcome national selfishness and to make a contribution to the struggle for peace and international understanding. “Youth of the World” was facing off in sports, and not on the battlefields. The revival of the Olympic Games in his eyes seemed to be the best solution to achieve both goals.
The congress, held 16-23 June 1894 at the Sorbonne (University of Paris), he presented his thoughts and ideas of the international public. On the last day of the Congress (23 June), it was decided that the first modern Olympic Games to be held in 1896 in Athens, in the country of ancestors Games – Greece. To organize the Games, it was founded by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The first president of the Committee was the Greek Demetrius Vikelas , who was president until the end of I Olympic Games in 1896. Secretary General was the Baron Pierre de Coubertin .
The first modern Games were held with great success indeed. Despite the fact that participation in the Games have taken all 241 athlete (14 countries), the Games have become the largest sporting event, which has passed ever since ancient Greece. Greek officials were so pleased with that put forward the proposal of “eternal” the Olympics Games in their homeland, in Greece. But the IOC has entered the rotation between different countries, every 4 years to the game change the venue.
After initial success, the Olympic movement has experienced the first crisis in its history. Games in 1900 in Paris (France) and the 1904 Games in St. Louis (Missouri, USA) have been combined with the World’s Fair. Sports competitions dragged on for months and almost never used the interest of the audience. At the Games in St. Louis participated almost exclusively American athletes as from Europe to get across the ocean in those years it was very difficult for technical reasons.
At the Olympic Games in 1906 in Athens (Greece) once again came out on top sporting events and results. Although originally the IOC recognized and supported the holding of these “intermediate Games” (just two years after the previous ones), now these games are not recognized by the Olympic. Some sports historians believe the Olympic Games 1906 saving ideas, as they are not given the games become “meaningless and unnecessary.” Learn about Modern Olympic Games