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Athletics – 2016 Rio Olympics
Athletics the most important of individual sports in the Games, athletics encompasses all disciplines of track and road, and take part around 2,000 athletes. Its origins date back long before the first modern Olympics in 1896, the ancient Games in Greece, which began in the eighth century BC. Explore the history of this sport, the many events that make it up and those who have left their indelible mark on the Summer Games with gold medals and record performances.
There are several disciplines that are covered in athletics. We can mention, for example, the jumps, the races, tests are combined, launch and even running. Athletics is the art to overcome the performance that may have opponents, usually in endurance or speed, at high altitude or distance. Depending on the mentalities and the time they have reached varying the number of tests performed, either individually or in teams.
Athletics is a sport that is practices universally, and there are few who are like today, ie that is both high-level competitions among fans. The success has explained through simplicity and reduced means to practice it.
The modalities of athletics are composed of different tests each, some being more demanding in terms of technique and more demanding in terms of fitness (endurance and strength). Athletics and sports modes are quite old and are detailed below.
Track testing mode
They are the oldest and are classified into the following categories. Those of speed are formed by 60 meters, 100 meters, 200 meters and 400 meters. These are followed by the middle distance races classified 800 meters and 1500 meters. Then followed the long – distance races, which are those that require more resistance to runs as athletics and are classified in 3000 meters, 5000 meters and 10000 meters.
Continue on the modalities of the athletics hurdle races, which consist of jump obstacles, and are 100 meters, 110 meters and 400 meters hurdles. Followed the steeplechase in 2000 meters and 3000 meters. And end track mode the relay race 4 × 100, 4 × 200 and 4 x 400. Then there are the combined tests.
First include the jumps (long jump or long jump, high jump or high jump, triple jump and pole vault). Then the releases, which are divided into hammer throw, discus, javelin and weight. And this mode will follow the road trials , which are classified in half marathon (21,097 meters), marathon (42,195 meters), race walking (20 and 50 km walk) and cross country.